National infrastructure services in Australia such as communications, energy, postal services, rail and bulk water are regulated by the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (ACCC). The ACCC also monitors other markets where there is limited competition such as airports & aviation, fuel prices, waterfront & shipping. ACCC Regulated Infrastructure.
Australia is investing heavily into infrastructure with transport infrastructure seeing nearly half of the infrastructure spend. The energy sector received 30% of infrastructure construction with 10% on communications.
Australia is highly dependent on road transportation and has a network of approximately 900,000km of paved and unpaved roads. There were 17.6 million motor vehicles registered in Australia in 2014 which equates to 756 motor vehicles per 1,000 Estimated Resident Population in 2014. Australia has one of the highest percentages of car ownership in the world. In addition, Australia has one of the highest per capita rates of fuel consumption in the world.
Most major cities in Australia operate multi-modal, intra-city public transport networks which includes combinations of buses, urban rail, light rail and water craft.
Australia's rail network consists of approximately 33,000km of open railway that operate scheduled or unscheduled services. Rail infrastructure is almost all government owned while rail operators are primarily now private companies. Capital cities across Australia are fully networked.
There are over 60 ports dispersed across Australia, however around 95% of cargo volume is handled in just 20 ports. These ports generally fall into three categories reflecting cargo types and geographic location. These are:
- bulk (mainly single-commodity export ports)
- capital-city metropolitan (mainly container) ports
- mixed cargo sector ports (can be regional or capital cities).
Major capital city container ports in order of cargo (discharged) are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart & Darwin.
Airports & Aviation
There are over 300 airports (paved runways) in Australia. In 2013-14 there were 32.4 million passengers on international flights in Australia and 57.7 million passengers on domestic flights. Sydney airport is the busiest in Australia with 38.6 million passengers.
Designated international airports in order of revenue passengers in 2013-14 are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Canberra, Darwin & Hobart.
Qantas, its subsidiary Jetstar, Virgin Australia and Tiger Airways Australia operate international and domestic flights throughout Australia.
In 2013-14 almost 10% of instructure construction was in the telecommunications sector.
There were approximately 12.1 million subscribers to broadband internet.
Source: Australian Dept of Infrastructure & Regional Development (BITRE) Infrastructure Statistics 2013-14